Medical & Hazardous waste

Hospital waste is a difficult and dangerous waste because of the high concentration of chemically or biologically toxic substances. Hospital waste is usually classified in non-specific hospital waste and specific hospital waste.

Treatment of hospital waste

Thermal treatment of hospital waste differs from the treatment of non-toxic waste (e.g. household waste, MSW, industrial waste,...) :

  • Storage and handling require more attention to safety
  • Spills or leaks are to be avoided at all cost
  • Shredding is not possible because this would release dangerous substances.
  • Higher concentrations of S (Sulfur) and Cl (Chloride) require a more sophisticated flue gas cleaning
  • Efficiency of energy recovery is not the first concern: safety and guaranteed destruction of pathogens is more important.
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